November 8th, 2022 | by CSHARK

Front End vs Back End Developer – Main Differences 2022

Table of contents

Who is a front-end developer? What do they do? And what about a back-end engineer?

Even in 2022, some people wonder what characterizes those two. In this article, we’ll explain everything.

Let’s talk about the brains behind all the web and mobile apps that we use, the most popular languages and frameworks of 2022, and what are the differences between a front-end and a back-end developer.

What is web development?

Web development refers to designing, developing, testing, and releasing a new web-based product.

That includes creating a wireframe for the layout, coding language scripts for websites like Javascript or HTML, and eventually uploading everything onto a server so that people can see your work in action.

Web development has a wide range of sub-fields, specializations, and techniques that are constantly evolving, to make the development process easier or create more useful web applications.

Types of web development

Before we start discussing the responsibilities and skills of a front-end and back-end developer, we should probably explain what is said front-end and back-end development. Let us explain.

What does the front end mean?

This is what most people are familiar with. This type of development uses languages such as HTML and CSS to style text, images, and other elements on a webpage.

This means that a front-end developer is responsible for the user interface of a website. The front-end development process involves making layouts, taking care of colors and font sizes, styling text and images, and putting together all the elements of a webpage.

What does the back end mean?

Back-end development involves the storage and manipulation of data on the website’s server.

This allows back-end developers to create programs that manipulate data from databases or files on a computer. Back-end systems are usually written in languages such as Java or Python.

What does the full stack mean?

Full-stack development includes back-end and front-end web development.

A full-stack approach to web development is the most common approach to web development.

This involves both front-end and back-end systems and makes use of many languages such as HTML5, CSS3, and JavaScript. A full-stack developer must have solid knowledge in all 3 areas of web development.

Top front-end development languages and frameworks in 2022

According to the latest Stackoverflow survey, the most popular front-end languages and frameworks in 2022 go as follows:

  1. JavaScript – JavaScript is an interpreted programming language that can be embedded into HTML pages to create interactive effects on websites. In 2022 it dominated HTML and is now the most popular front-end language this year.
  2. HTML – the second most popular language of 2022. Known as the primary markup language for making up a website or web page. It can be used to specify web forms, images, text, and other tags.
  3. TypeScript – a programming language that builds on JavaScript by adding static typing.
  4. React.js – a JavaScript library for creating user interfaces.
  5. jQuery – an open-source library for client-side selectors. It’s a cross-platform JavaScript library that simplifies HTML document traversing, event handling, and DOM manipulation.
  6. Vue.js – a framework based on JavaScript and Model-View-Controller for building user interfaces.
  7. Angular.js – a JavaScript MVC framework created by Google that augments HTML with structural knowledge while allowing developers to apply familiar MVC patterns in developing single-page applications (SPAs).

Honorable mention to CSS – which stands for Cascading Style Sheets and is the standard used by developers to style and organize a website’s layout visually.

Top back-end development languages and frameworks in 2022

Now let’s take a look at the most popular back-end development languages and frameworks that were the crowd’s favorites in 2022.

  1. SQL – an open-source standardized programming language used to manage relational databases.
  2. Python – a general-purpose object-oriented programming language. It’s used in web development, data analysis and scientific computing, machine learning, and other computational fields.
  3. Java – an object-oriented and class-based programming language.
  4. C# – a high-level multi-paradigm programming language.
  5. PHP – a general-purpose scripting language, mainly used for web development.
  6. Node.js – a JavaScript runtime environment.
  7. .NET – an open-source development platform for building web, mobile, and desktop applications.

What’s the difference between front-end and back-end developers?

As you probably noticed, front-end development is focused more on visual elements such as website design, while back-end development focuses on the logic that makes it function.

Back-end developers are usually more concerned with how something works. They’re trying to solve a problem. Front-end developers, on the other hand, are usually more concerned with how it looks.

Although front-end and back-end developers both have their challenges and use very different tools, they both work together to create websites and apps.

In 2022, over 46% of developers declare to be full-stack engineers. Right behind them, we have the back-end developers (43%). Front-end developers make up 25% of the surveyed professionals. This can mean that there’s still a shortage of front-end specialists, so if you’re thinking about a career change, front-end could be the way to go.

Front-end developer skills

Being a front-end developer is not an easy task whatsoever. They have common characteristics and skills, so before you start applying for a developer position, make sure you have:

  • strong knowledge of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript,
  • experience with a variety of web development tools (e.g. Bootstrap),
  • experience with Git version control systems,
  • experience in SQL databases and NoSQL databases,
  • knowledge of RESTful APIs and AJAX,
  • ability to work both independently as well as collaboratively in teams.

Back-end developer skills

On the other hand, back-end developers have their own set of crucial skills, which include:

  • understanding of Object Oriented Programming,
  • an unrelenting focus on simplicity and security,
  • working knowledge of SQL,
  • understanding algorithms and data structures,
  • ability to understand architecture and design patterns,
  • understanding the natural language processing problem space,
  • capability to work independently,
  • ability to manage complex code bases with multiple dependencies.

Average salaries of back-end and front-end developers

If we look closely at StackOverflow’s 2022 survey, we’ll notice that back-end developers, on average, get around $69,000 salary while their front-end peers’ median is around $60,000.

Of course, we have to take into consideration that the number of responses gathered for those statistics wasn’t equal (17,677 for the back end vs 9,915 for the front end). Still, we can conclude that a back-end developer position is better paid than its front-end equivalent.

Is the back end harder than the front end?

For front-end vs back-end developers, there is no straight answer to this. 

A typical knowledge and skill set for a front-end developer would be HTML, CSS, and basic JavaScript. A typical knowledge and skill set for a back-end developer would be Ruby or Python because back-end languages are more difficult to learn. However, specific frameworks like AngularJS or React simplify the code logic in front-end development.

The back end is typically used to store the data and communicate with the application or database, while the front end handles user interactions like clicks, form submissions, etc. Many people argue that the back end is harder than the front end because a developer needs to learn more languages and frameworks when they build a back end.

It also takes more skill in web architecture because every piece needs to be meticulously planned out from start to finish with no room for mistakes.

Which is more in demand – the front end or the back end?

Front-end development, as it has traditionally been seen, is more popular among web developers who work on websites such as WordPress. However, a popularity shift for back-end development can be seen in the new wave of web applications. These apps no longer require a browser to be used but are instead hosted locally on an application or downloaded to a mobile device.

Most applications require data retrieval, server processing, and storage. Applications also can work without any front-end frameworks, but their functionality, interactivity, and maintainability will be very limited.

On the other hand, the survey shows a smaller number of front-end developers, which can make us believe that the front-end skillset is more in demand now. What is more, thanks to the solutions like Node.js, front-end developers can easily ‘write’ the back end using front-end languages.

That being said, we also should mention that it’s possible to learn either back-end or front-end development without knowing the other one, however, it seems that a full stack position is still the most sought for.

This or that – is it a front-end or a back-end language?

Is JavaScript a front-end or back-end language? What about Python? How about PHP? Those are probably some of the most common Google searches, so let us give you all the answers in one place.

Is JavaScript front end or back end?

JavaScript is a front-end language. In recent years JavaScript has become the most popular programming language due to its versatility and power. This also means that top-tier companies want developers to know how to code in it, and understanding it is one of the many increasing reasons for people wanting a career in coding.

Is HTML front end or back end?

HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) is a front-end language. It’s what the browser reads. It’s often thought of as the glue that holds a website together. It provides structure, such as defining how links should be displayed on different devices or designating certain text to appear in boldface. HTML is categorized as a scripting language because it’s designed to produce entire documents rather than just text alone.

Is Java front end or back end?

Java is a back-end language. It’s a programming language that was developed to be simple to use and powerful enough to meet the demands of an ever-changing tech world. Java is so versatile that it can be used for practically anything from writing Android apps to running a back-end system for large stores. It’s popular with server-side programmers because it can run on any type of OS, as well as on various platforms.

Is Python front end or back end?

Python is a back-end language. This is because Python lets the programmer bind data with a user interface. Python’s design focus is on its expressiveness and succinctness, which makes it easy to code your back-end code. Python can also be used as a front-end language, but this would require some extra work. For example, you can use Python to create an HTML webpage that works with AJAX or JSON. You also need to include a framework like Django or Flask to make it happen.

Is PHP front end or back end?

PHP is a back-end language. This is because it sits on the server and never sends any data to the user. PHP still needs a front-end language like HTML or JavaScript to be able to create a website that can be seen by users. It’s commonly said that PHP is used as a back-end language because it performs more functions than an equivalent front-end programming language like HTML or JavaScript. There are also many functions written in PHP that don’t send data. These functions are used by websites, like the file upload function or the insert_id function.

Is C# front end or back end?

C# has been linked to both a front-end and a back-end language. It can be used in both areas and is considered one of the more versatile languages, although it remains the most popular among back-end developers. The C# compiler produces IL code that can be executed on a CPU or in the CLR, which is also an intermediate language. This means that it’s not possible to predict how C# will be interpreted by its target environment without actually running it, because different compilers and runtime may produce different outputs depending on the context and platform.


There are some key differences between a front-end and a back-end developer. Those can be seen in their skillset, programming languages, and frameworks they use or their average salary.

As for now, back-end engineers dominate the market of software engineers, so there’s more room for front-end newbies.

If you’re currently debating which route to go, start by reviewing your existing skills and interests, match them to the requirements of each aspect of software development, and go from there. Good luck!


This article wouldn’t have been written without the engagement of our CSHARKers! It was created thanks to their expert knowledge & extensive experience. As multiple people were involved in the consultancy, creation, and verification process, we figured it’s not fair to list just one of us as an author. Let’s say it was a collective work of many great minds.